Wood J, Detto M, Browne M, Kraft N, Konings A, Fisher JB, Trugman A, Medeiros C, Vinod N, Buckley TN, Sack L (2024) Upscaling hydraulic mechanisms from leaves to plants to forests under climate change. Integrative and Comparative Biology (in press)

Mills C, Bartlett MK, Buckley TN (2024) The poorly-explored stomatal response to temperature at constant evaporative demand. Plant, Cell & Environment (in press) (10.1111/pce.14911) PDF SI

Ochoa M, Henry C, John G, Medeiros C, Pan R, Scoffoni C, Buckley TN, Sack L (2024) Pinpointing the causal influences of stomatal anatomy and behavior on leaf conductance from minimum to maximum. Plant Physiology (in press) (10.1093/plphys/kiae292)

Baird AS, Medeiros CD, Caringella MA, Bowers J, Hii M, Liang J, Matsuda J, Pisipati K, Pohl C, Simon B, Tagaryan S, Buckley TN, Sack L (2024) How and why do diverse species break a developmental trade-off? Elucidating the association of trichomes and stomata across species. American Journal of Botany 111:e16328 (10.1002/ajb2.16328) PDF SI

Watts JL, Dow GJ, Buckley TN, Muir CD (2024) Does stomatal patterning in amphistomatous leaves minimize the CO2 diffusion path length with leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana? AoB PLANTS 16:plae015 (10.1093/aobpla/plae015) PDF SI

Triplett G, Buckley TN, Muir CD (2024) Amphistomy increases leaf photosynthesis more in coastal than montane plants of Hawaiian ‘ilima (Sida fallax). American Journal of Botany 111:e16284 (10.1002/ajb2.16284) PDF SI



Coleman D, Windt C, Buckley TN, Merchant A (2023) Leaf relative water content at 50% stomatal conductance measured by non-invasive NMR is linked to climate of origin in nine species of eucalypt. Plant, Cell & Environment 46:3791-3805 (10.1111/pce.14700) PDF

Buckley TN, Frehner EH, Bailey BN (2023) Kinetic factors of physiology and the dynamical light environment influence the economic landscape of short-term hydraulic risk. New Phytologist 238:529-548 (10.1111/nph.18739) PDF  SI

Scoffoni C, Albuquerque C, Buckley TN, Sack L (2023) Tansley Insight: The dynamic multi-functionality of leaf water transport outside the xylem. New Phytologist 239:2099-2107 (10.1111/nph.19069) PDF

Vinod N, Slot M, McGregor I, Ordway E, Smith M, Taylor T, Sack L, Buckley TN, Anderson-Teixeira K (2023) Tansley Review: Thermal sensitivity across forest vertical profiles: patterns, mechanisms, and ecological implications. New Phytologist 237:22-47 (10.1111/nph.18539) PDF SI

Wong CYS, Jones T, McHugh D, Gilbert ME, Pets P, Palkovic A, Buckley TN*, Magney TS* (2023) TSWIFT: tower spectrometer on wheels for investigating frequent timeseries for high-throughput phenotyping of vegetation physiology. Plant Methods 19:1-15 (*co-last author) (10.1186/s13007-023-01001-5) PDF

Wong CYS, Gilbert ME, Pierce MA, Parker TA, Paklovic A, Gepts P, Magney TS, Buckley TN (2023) Hyperspectral remote sensing for phenotyping the physiological drought response of common and tepary bean. Plant Phenomics 5:Article 0021 (10.34133/plantphenomics.0021) PDF SI

Verslues P, Bailey-Serres J, Brodersen C, Buckley TN, Conti L, Christmann A, Dinneny J, Grill E, Hayes S, Heckman R, Hsu P-K, Juenger R, Mas P, Munnik T, Nelissen H, Sack L, Schroeder J, Testerink C, Tyerman S, Umezawa T, Wigge P (2023) Burning questions for a warming and changing wrld: 15 unknowns in plant abiotic stress. The Plant Cell 35:67-108 (10.1093/plcell/koac263) PDF

He N, Yan P, Liu C, Xu L, Li M, van Meerbeek K, Zhou G, Zhou G, Liu S, Zhou X, Li S, Niu S, Han X, Violle C, Buckley TN, Sack L, Yu G (2023) Predicting ecosystem productivity on the basis of traits, Trends in Plant Science 28:43-53 (10.1016/j.tplants.2022.08.015) PDF SI



Fletcher L, Scoffoni C, Farrell C, Buckley TN, Pellegrini M, Sack L (2022) Testing the association of relative grwoth rate and adaptation to climate across natural ecotypes of Arabidopsis. New Phytologist 236:413-432 (10.1111/nph.18369) PDF

Wong CYS, Bambach N, Alsina M, McElrone A, Jones T, Buckley TN, Kustas W, Magney TS (2022) Detecting short-term stress and recovery events in a vineyard using tower-based remote sensing of photochemical reflectance index (PRI). Irrigation Science 40:683-696 (10.1007/s00271-022-00777-z) PDF

de la Torre AR*, Sekhwal MK, Scott AD, Allen B, Neale DB, Chin ARO, Buckley TN* (2022) Genome-wide association identifies candidate genes for drought tolerance in coast redwood and giant sequoia. The Plant Journal 109:7-22 (10.1111/tpj.15592) (*equal contributions) PDF

Trueba S, Theroux-Rancourt G, Earles JM, Buckley TN, Love D, Johnson DM, Brodersen C (2022) The 3D construction of leaves is evolutionarily coordinated with water use efficiency in conifers. New Phytologist 233:851-861 (10.1111/nph.17772) PDF



Adams MA, Buckley TN, Binkley D, Mathias Neumann, Turnbull TL (2021) CO2, nitrogen deposition and a discontinuous climate response drive water use efficiency in global forests. Nature Communications 12:1-9 (doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25365-1) PDF

Wong CYS, Young DJN, Latimer AM, Buckley TN, Magney TS (2021) Remote sensing of coniferous tree ring growth in the Sierra Nevada. Remote Sensing of Environment 265:112635 (doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2021.112635) PDF

Deng Z*, Vice H, Gilbert ME, Adams MA, Buckley TN* (2021) A double-ratio method (DRM) to measure fast, slow and reverse sap flows. Tree Physiology (doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpab081) (in press) (*equal contributions) PDF

Buckley TN (2021) Optimal carbon partitioning helps reconcile the apparent divergence between optimal and observed canopy profiles of photosynthetic capacity. New Phytologist 230:2246-2260 (doi.org/10.1111/nph.17199) PDF

Ely K et al. [81 authors] (2021) A reporting format for leaf-level gas exchange data and metadata. Ecological Informatics 61:101232 (doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101232) PDF



Adams MA, Buckley TN, Turnbull TL (2020) Diminishing CO2-driven gains in water use efficiency of global forests. Nature Climate Change 10:466-471 (doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0747-7) PDF

Sack L, Buckley TN (2020) Trait multi-functionality in plant stress response. Integrative and Comparative Biology 60:98-112 (doi.org/10.1093/icb/icz152) PDF

Salter WT, Merchant A, Richards RA, Trethowan R, Buckley TN (2020) Wide variation in the suboptimal distribution of photosynthetic capacity in relation to light across genotypes of wheat. AoBP 12:plaa039 (doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plaa039) PDF

Grossiord C, Buckley TN, Cernusak LA, Novick KA, Pouter B, Siegwolf RTW, Sperry JS, McDowell NG (2020) Tansley Review: Plant responses to rising evaporative demand. New Phytologist 226:1550-1566 (doi.org/10.1111/nph.16485) PDF

Albuquerque CP, Scoffoni C, Brodersen C, Buckley TN, Sack L, McElrone AJ (2020) Coordinated decline of leaf hydraulic and stomatal conductances under drought is not linked to leaf xylem embolism for different grapevine cultivars. Journal of Experimental Botany 71:7286-7300 (doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa392) PDF



Adams MA, Buckley TN, Turnbull TL (2019) Rainfall drives variation in rates of change in intrinsic water use efficiency of tropical forests. Nature Communications 10:1-8 PDF

Buckley TN (2019) Tansley Review: How do stomata respond to water status? New Phytologist 224:21-36 PDF

Buckley TN, Sack L (2019) The humidity inside leaves, and why you should care: implications of unsaturation of leaf intercellular airspaces. American Journal of Botany 106:618-621 PDF

Rodriguez-Dominguez CM, Hernandez-Santana V, Buckley TN, Fernandez JE, Diaz-Espejo A (2019) Sensitivity of leaf turgor to air vapour pressure deficit correlates with maximum stomatal conductance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 272:156-165 PDF

Salter WT, Merchant A, Richards RA, Trethowan R, Buckley TN (2019) Rate of photosynthetic induction in fluctuating light varies widely among genotypes of wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany 70:2787-2796 PDF

Salter WT, Merchant A, Gilbert ME, Buckley TN (2019) PARbars: cheap, easy to build ceptometers for continuous measurement of light interception in plant canopies. Journal of Visualized Experiments e59447

Liu N, Buckley TN, Guan H, He Xinguang, Zhang X, Zhang C, Luo Z, Wang H, Sterling N (2019) Improvement of a simplified process-based model for estimating transpiration under water-limited conditions. Hydrological Processes 33:1670-1685 PDF

Earles JM*, Buckley TN*, Brodersen CR, Busch FA, Cano FJ, Choat B, Evans JR, Farquhar GD, Harwood R, Huynh M, John GP, Miller ML, Rockwell FE, Sack L, Scoffoni C, Struik PC, Wu A, Yin X, Barbour MM (2019) Embracing 3D complexity in leaf carbon-water exchange. Trends in Plant Sciences 1:15-24 (*equal contributions)  PDF

North M, Stevens J, Greene D, Coppoletta M, Knapp E, Latimer A, Restaino C, Tompkins R, Welch K, York R, Young D, Axelson JN, Buckley TN, Estes B, Hagar R, Long J, Meyer M, Ostoja S, Safford H, Shive K, Tubbesing C, Vice H, Walsh D, Werner C, Wyrsch P (2019) Reforestation for resilience in dry western forests. Forest Ecology and Management 432:209-224  PDF

Shrestha A, Buckley TN, Lockhart E, Barbour MM (2019) The response of mesophyll conductance to short- and long-term environmental conditions in chickpea genotypes. AoBP 11:ply073 PDF link


Salter WT, Gilbert ME, Buckley TN (2018) Time-dependent bias in instantaneous ceptometry caused by row orientation. The Plant Phenome Journal 1:180004  PDF

Scoffoni C, Albuquerque C, Cochard H, Buckley TN, Fletcher L, Caringella M, Bartlett M, Brodersen C, Jansen S, McElrone A, Sack L (2018) The causes of leaf hydraulic vulnerability and its influence on gas exchange in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology 178:1584-1601  PDF

Salter WT, Gilbert ME, Buckley TN (2018) A multiplexed gas exchange system for increased throughput of photosynthetic capacity measurements. Plant Methods 14:80  PDF

Adams MA, Buchmann N, Sprent J, Buckley TN, Turnbull TL (2018) Crops, nitrogen and water: are legumes friend, foe or misunderstood ally? Trends in Plant Science doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2018.02.009 (in press) PDF

Adams MA, Buckley TN, Salter WT, Buchmann N, Blessing C, Turnbull TL (2018) Contrasting physiological responses of crop legumes and cereals to nitrogen availability. New Phytologist doi: 10.1111/nph.14918 (in press) PDF

Sack L, John G, Buckley TN (2018) Cell volume shrinkage not turgor pressure decline triggers ABA biosynthesis in dehydrating leaves. Plant Physiology doi: 10/1104/pp.17.01097 (in press) PDF


Buckley TN, Vice H, Adams MA (2017) The Kok effect in Vicia faba L. cannot be explained solely by changes in chloroplastic CO2 concentration. New Phytologist 216:1064-1071 PDF

Tcherkez G, Gauthier PPG, Buckley TN, Busch FA, Barbour MM, Bruhn D, Heskel MA, Gong X, Crous K, Griffin K, Way D, Turnbull MH, Adams MA, Atkin OK, Farquhar GD, Cornic G (2017) Tansley Review: Leaf day respiration: low CO2 flux but high significance for metabolism and carbon balance. New Phytologist 216:968-1001 PDF

Bellasio C, Quirk J, Buckley TN, Beerling DJ (2017) A dynamic hydro-mechanical and biochemical model of stomatal conductance for C4 photosynthesis. Plant Physiology 175:104-119

Buckley TN, Scoffoni C, John G, Sack L (2017) The sites of evaporation within leaves. Plant Physiology 173:1763-1782 PDF  SI

Buckley TN (2017) Update review: Modeling stomatal conductance. Plant Physiology 174:572-582 PDF

Buckley TN, Sack L, Farquhar GD (2017) Optimal plant water economy. Plant, Cell and Environment 40:881-896 PDF

John GP, Scoffoni C, Buckley TN, Villar R, Poorter H, Sack L (2017) The anatomical and compositional basis of leaf mass per area. Ecology Letters 20:412-425 PDF

Scoffoni C, Albuquerque C, Brodersen CR, Townes SV, John GP, Bartlett MK, Buckley TN, McElrone AJ, Sack L (2017) Outside-xylem pathways, not xylem embolism, drive leaf hydraulic decline with dehydration. Plant Physiology 173:1197-1210 PDF

Scoffoni C, Albuquerque C, Brodersen CR, Townes SV, John GP, Cochard H, Buckley TN, McElrone AJ, Sack L (2017) Leaf vein xylem conduit diameter influences susceptibility to embolism and hydraulic decline. New Phytologist 213:1076-1092 PDF

Barbour MM, Farquhar GD, Buckley TN (2017) Leaf water stable isotopes and water transport outside the xylem. Plant, Cell and Environment 40:914-920 PDF

Tcherkez G, Gauthier P, Buckley TN, Busch FA, Barbour MM, Bruhn D, Heskel MA, Gong XY, Crous K, Griffin KL, Way DA, Turnbull MH, Adams MA, Atkin OA, Bender M, Farquhar GD, Cornic G (2017) Tracking the origins of the Kok effect, 70 years after its discovery. New Phytologist 214:506-510 PDF


Buckley TN (2016) Commentary: Stomatal responses to humidity: has the “black box” finally been opened? Plant, Cell & Environment 39:482-484 PDF

Sack L, Buckley TN (2016) The developmental basis of stomatal density and flux. Plant Physiology 171:2358-2363 PDF

Rodriguez-Dominguez CM*, Buckley TN*, Egea G, de Cires A, Hernandez-Santana V, Martorell S, Diaz-Espejo A (2016). Most stomatal closure in moderate drought in woody species can be explained by stomatal responses to leaf turgor. Plant, Cell and Environment 39:2014-2026 (*equal contributions) PDF

Sack L, Buckley TN, Scoffoni C (2016) Why are leaves hydraulically vulnerable? (Insight article) Journal of Experimental Botany 67:4917-4919 PDF


Buckley TN, John GP, Scoffoni C, Sack L (2015) How does leaf anatomy influence water transport outside the xylem? Plant Physiology 168:1616-1635 PDF

Buckley TN, Diaz-Espejo A (2015) Partitioning changes in photosynthetic rate into contributions from underlying variables. Plant, Cell and Environment 38:1200-1211 PDF

Buckley TN (2015) The contributions of apoplastic, symplastic and gas phase pathways for water transport outside the bundle sheath in leaves. Plant, Cell and Environment 38:7-22 PDF

Buckley TN, Diaz-Espejo A (2015) Reporting estimates of maximum potential electron transport rate. New Phytologist 205:14-17 PDF

Poorter H, Jagodzinski AM, Ruiz-Peinado R, Kuyah S, Luo Y, Oleksyn J, Usoltsev VA, Buckley TN, Reich PB, Sack L (2015) How does biomass allocation change with size and differ among species? An analysis for 1200 plant species from five continents. New Phytologist 208:736-749 PDF  SI


Buckley TN*, Martorell S*, Diaz-Espejo A, Tomas M, Medrano H (2014) Is stomatal conductance optimised over both time and space in plant crowns? A field test in grapevine (Vitis vinifera). Plant, Cell and Environment 37:2707-2721 (*equal contributions) PDF

Buckley TN, Schymanski S (2014) Stomatal optimisation in relation to atmospheric CO2. New Phytologist 201:372-377 PDF

Buckley TN, Warren CM (2014) The role of mesophyll conductance in the economics of nitrogen and water use in photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research 119:77-88 PDF

Turnbull TL, Buckley TN, Barlow AM, Adams MA (2014) Anatomical and physiological regulation of post-fire carbon and water exchange in canopies of two resprouting Eucalyptus species. Oecologia 176:333-343 PDF


Buckley TN, Mott KA (2013) Modeling stomatal conductance in response to environmental factors. Plant, Cell and Environment 36:1691-1699 PDF

Buckley TN, Cescatti A, Farquhar GD (2013) What does optimisation theory actually predict about crown profiles of photosynthetic capacity, when models incorporate greater realism? Plant, Cell and Environment 36:1547-1563 PDF


Buckley TN, Turnbull TL, Adams MA (2012) Simple models for stomatal conductance derived from a process model: cross-validation against sap flux data. Plant, Cell and Environment 35:1647-1662 PDF

Buckley TN, Turnbull TL, Pfautsch S, Gharun M, Adams MA (2012) Differences in water use between mature and post-fire regrowth stands of subalpine Eucalyptus delegatensis R. Baker. Forest Ecology and Management 270:1-10 PDF

Diaz-Espejo A, Buckley TN, Sperry JS, Cuevas MV, de Cires A, Elsayed-Farag S, Martin-Palomo MJ, Muriel JL, Perez-Martin A, Rodriguez-Dominguez CM, Rubio-Casal AE, Torres-Ruiz JM, Fernández JE (2012) Steps toward an improvement in process-based models of water use by fruit trees: a case study in olive. Agricultural Water Management 114:37-49 PDF

Merchant A, Buckley TN, Pfautsch S, Turnbull TL, Samsa GA, Adams MA (2012) Site-specific responses to short-term environmental variation are reflected in leaf and phloem-sap carbon isotopic abundance of field grown Eucalyptus globulus. Physiologia Plantarum 146:448-459 PDF


Buckley TN, Sack L, Gilbert ME (2011) The role of bundle sheath extensions and life form in stomatal responses to leaf water status. Plant Physiology 156:962-973 PDF

Buckley TN, Turnbull TL, Pfautsch S, Adams MA (2011) Nocturnal water loss in mature subalpine Eucalyptus delegatensis tall open forests and adjacent E. pauciflora woodlands. Ecology and Evolution 1:435-450 PDF

Buckley TN, Adams MA (2011) An analytical model of non-photorespiratory CO2 release in the light and dark in leaves of C3 species based on stoichiometric flux balance. Plant, Cell and Environment 34:89-112 PDF

Before 2011

Buckley TN (2008). The role of stomatal acclimation in modelling tree adaptation to high CO2. Journal of Experimental Botany 59:1951-1961 PDF

Phillips NG, Buckley TN, Tissue DT (2008) Capacity of old trees to respond to environmental change. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 50:1355-1364 PDF

Barbour MM, Buckley TN (2007) The stomatal response to evaporative demand persists at night in Ricinis communis plants with high nocturnal conductance.Plant, Cell and Environment 30:711-721 PDF

Buckley TN, Roberts DW (2006) DESPOT: a tree growth model that allocates carbon to maximize carbon gain. Tree Physiology 26:129-144 PDF

Buckley TN, Roberts DW (2006) How should leaf area, sapwood area and stomatal conductance vary with tree height to maximize growth? Tree Physiology 26:145-157 PDF

Messinger SM, Buckley TN, Mott KA (2006) Evidence for involvement of photosynthetic processes in the stomatal response to CO2. Plant Physiology 140:771-778 PDF

Powles JE, Buckley TN, Nicotra AB, Farquhar GD (2006) Dynamics of stomatal water relations following leaf excision. Plant, Cell and Environment 29:981-992 PDF

Buckley TN (2005) Tansley Review: The control of stomata by water balance. New Phytologist 168:275-292 PDF

Roxburgh SH, Berry SL, Buckley TN, Barnes B, Roderick ML (2005) What is NPP? Inconsistent accounting of respiratory fluxes in the definition of net primary productivity. Functional Ecology 19:378-382 PDF

Buckley TN, Farquhar GD (2004) A new analytical model for whole-leaf potential electron transport rate. Plant, Cell and Environment 27:1487-1502 PDF

Buckley TN, Mott KA, Farquhar GD (2003) A hydromechanical and biochemical model of stomatal conductance. Plant, Cell and Environment 26:1767-1785 PDF

Buckley TN, Farquhar GD, Miller JM (2002) The mathematics of linked optimisation for water and nitrogen use in a canopy. Silva Fennica 36:639-669 PDF

Buckley TN, Mott KA (2002) Dynamics of stomatal water relations during the humidity response: implications of two hypothetical mechanisms. Plant, Cell and Environment 25:407-419 PDF

Buckley TN, Mott KA (2002) Stomatal water relations and the control of hydraulic supply and demand. Progress in Botany 63:309-325 PDF

Farquhar GD, Buckley TN, Miller JM (2002) Optimal stomatal control in relation to leaf area and nitrogen content. Silva Fennica 36:625-637 PDF

Mäkelä A, Givnish TJ, Berninger F, Buckley TN, Farquhar GD, Hari P (2002) Challenges and opportunities of the optimality approach in plant ecology. Silva Fennica 36:605-614 PDF

Franks PJ, Buckley TN, Shope JS, Mott KA (2001) Guard cell volume and pressure measured concurrently by confocal microscopy and the cell pressure probe. Plant Physiology 125:1577-1584 PDF

Buckley TN, Mott KA (2000) Stomatal responses to non-local changes in PFD: evidence for long-distance hydraulic interactions. Plant, Cell and Environment 23:301-309 PDF

Mott KA, Buckley TN (2000) Patchy stomatal conductance: emergent collective behaviour of stomata. Trends in Plant Science 5:258-262 PDF

Buckley TN, Farquhar GD, Mott KA (1999) Carbon-water balance and patchy stomatal conductance. Oecologia 118:132-143 PDF

Mott KA, Shope JS, Buckley TN (1999) Effects of humidity on light-induced stomatal opening: evidence for hydraulic coupling among stomata. Journal of Experimental Botany 50:1207-1213 PDF

Mott KA, Buckley TN (1998) Stomatal heterogeneity. Journal of Experimental Botany 49:407-417  PDF

Buckley TN, Farquhar GD, Mott KA (1997) Qualitative effects of patchy stomatal conductance distribution features on gas-exchange calculations. Plant, Cell and Environment 20: 867-880 PDF

Haefner JW, Buckley TN, Mott KA (1997) A spatially explicit model of patchy stomatal responses to humidity. Plant, Cell and Environment 20: 1087-1097 PDF



Book chapters

Brodribb TJ, Buckley TN. Leaf water transport: a core system in the evolution and physiology of photosynthesis. In The leaf: a platform for performing photosynthesis and feeding the plant (Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration series), ed. TD Sharkey and Govindjee. Springer, New York (in press)

Sack L, Scoffoni C, Johnson DM, Buckley TN, Brodribb TJ (2015) The anatomical determinants of leaf hydraulic function. In Functional and Ecological Xylem Anatomy, ed. UG Hacke. Springer, New York (in press). (Book chapterPDF